Overview

In the 1950s, few economists thought of phenomena such as racial discrimination as under their purview. That changed in 1957, when Gary S. Becker, Professor of Economics and of Sociology at the University of Chicago and at Chicago Booth before his death in 2014, published The Economics of Discrimination, a book based on his 1955 PhD thesis.

During this 10-week reading group both classical and new evidence on discrimination, mostly gender discrimination in labor markets, will be presented and discussed. We intend to review and explore the role of firms and occupations, norms and stereotypes, family demographics and institutions in driving discrimination, seeking ways which alleviates minorities. Both theories and recent empirical findings on discrimination will be reviewed. We also intend to review empirical works related to gender gap in the labor market of Iran.

Time: Mondays, 14:00-16:00 (12:00 -14:00 since September 23rd)

Location: Meeting room, 6th floor, Khatam University (2nd Building)

Organizers:

1st Session

July 15th, 2019

Agenda

Hosein Joshaghani

Introduction to the Reading Group

Shadi Farahzadi

Gneezy, Leonard, List (2009) Econometrica, Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society

Ehsan Sabouri

Becker (1957), The economics of discrimination

Hanieh Mohammadian

Kuziemko, Pan, Shen and Washington (2019) The Mommy Effect: Do Women Anticipate Employment Effects in Motherhood?

2nd Session

July 22nd, 2019

Agenda

Dr. Mohammad Hosseini

Female Labor Force Participation in Iran

Shadi Farahzadi

Bursztyn, Fujiwara and Pallais (2017) AER, Acting Wife: Marriage Market Incentives and Labor Market Investments

Alireza Tavakoli

Folke and Rickne (2019) All the Single Ladies: Job Promotions and the Durability of Marriage

Yasaman Saeidi

Akerlof (2000) QJE, Economics and Identity

3rd Session

July 29th, 2019

Agenda

Ehsan Sabouri

List (2004) QJE, The Nature and Extent of Discrimination in the Marketplace: Evidence From the Field

Hanieh Mohammadian

Kofi Charles and Guryan (2008) JPE, Empirical Assessment of Becker The Economics of Discrimination

Alireza Tavakoli

Azmat, Petrongolo (2014), Labour Economics, Gender and the labor market: What have we learned from field and lab experiments?

Dr. Kaveh Majlesi

Majlesi (2016) JDE, Labor Market Opportunities and Women’s Decision Making Power Within Households​

4th Session

August 5th, 2019

Agenda

Yasaman Saeidi

Hsieh, Hurst, Jones and Klenow (2019) Ecma, The Allocation of Talent and US Economic Growth

Zahra Shamloo

Misperceived Social Norms: Female Labor Force Participation in Saudi Arabia

Ehsan Sabouri

Bohren, Imas and Rosenberg (2019) AER, The Dynamics of Discrimination: Theory and Evidence

Avenia Ghazarian

Lundborg (2017) AER, Can Women Have Children and a Career?

5th Session

August 19th, 2019

Agenda

Ehsan Sabouri

Bertrand (2011) HLE, New Perspectives on Gender

Hosein Joshaghani

Sarsons (2017), Interpreting Signals in the Labor Market: Evidence from Medical Referrals

Zahra Shamloo

Valentin Bolotnyy (Harvard University) “Why Do Women Earn Less Than Men? Evidence from Bus and Train Operators”

Alireza Tavakolli

Black and Strahan (2001) AER, Division of Spoils Rent Sharing and Discrmination in a Regulated Industry

6th Session

August 26th, 2019

Agenda

Ehsan Sabouri

Petrongolo (2018), Economic incentives, home production and gender identity norms

Yasaman Saeidi

Bohren et al (2019) Inaccurate Statistical Discrimination

Alireza Tavakoli

Hengel (2019) Publishing while female: Are women held to higher standards? Evidence from peer review

Hanieh Mohammadian

Sarsons (2019) Gender Differences in Recognition for Group Work

7th Session

September 2nd, 2019

Agenda

Ehsan Sabouri

Hedegaard and Tyran (2018) AEJ, The Price of Prejudice

Hanieh Mohammadian

Mobius and Rosenbalt (2006) AER, Why Beauty Matters

Alireza Tavakoli

Arnold et al (2018) QJE, Racial Bias in Bail Decisions

Zahra Shamloo

Fershtman and Gneezy (2001) QJE, Discrimination in a Segmented Society: An Experimental Approach

8th Session

September 16th, 2019

Agenda

Ehsan Sabouri

Gneezy, Niederle and Rustichini (2003) QJE, Performance in Competitive Envirionments Gender Differences

Hosein Joshaghani

Mobius, Rosenblat and Wang (2016) EER, Ethnic discrimination Evidence from China

Alireza Tavakoli

Reshaping Adolescents’ Gender Attitudes: Evidence from a School-Based Experiment in India

9th Session

September 23rd, 2019

Agenda

Alireza Tavakoli

Autor et. al. (2019) AEJ, Family Disadvantage and the Gender Gap in Behavioral and Educational Outcomes

Alireza Tavakoli

Michela Carlana (2019) QJE, Implicit Stereotypes: Evidence from Teachers’ Gender Bias

10th Session

September 30th, 2019

Agenda

Ehsan Sabouri

Bertrand, Kamenica and Pan (2015) QJE, Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households

Zahra Shamloo

Goldin and Katz (2002) JPE, The Power of the Pill

Alireza Tavakoli

Fernandez (2013) AER, Cultural Change as Learning

Hanieh Mohammadian

Doepke, M., & Tertilt, M. (2009) QJE, Women’s Liberation: What’s in it for Men?